North and south dbq.standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater 18th edition The irst essay section is called the Document-Based Question (DBQ). The DBQ will offer an essay prompt and then ask you to consider several primary-source documents in writing an essay re­ sponse. For example, the DBQ might suggest that the United States had economic reasons for ight­ ing the Spanish-American War. Then you might North and South 1820–1860 Why It Matters At the same time that national spirit and pride were growing throughout the country, a strong sectional rivalry was also developing. Both North and South wanted to further their own economic and political interests. The Impact Today selenium testing tool certification

This seventh grade annotated inquiry provides students with an opportunity to explore how words affect public opinion through an examination of Harriet Beecher Stowe’s novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin. Students will investigate historical sources related to the novel and reactions in the North and South in order to address the compelling question, “Can words lead to […] Civil War political cartoons often illustrated the beliefs and thoughts of the time using visual satire to show the vast differences that existed between the people of the North and South. The cartoon below shows Jefferson Davis, the only President of the Confederate States of America in a Union prison. Изучайте релизы North And South на Discogs. Приобретайте пластинки, компакт-диски и многое другое от North And South на маркетплейсе Discogs.May 29, 2014 · The North, like the South thought blacks were not fit for government. Although the North thought this, they didn't go to the measures the South went to do something about it. Through the KKK’s violent acts and the constant push from the South to end the Reconstruction made it very difficult for the blacks to move up in society and voice their opinion. In 1954 the Viet Minh armies had the military capability to crush the French completely and take over the whole of Vietnam, North and South. After the fall of Dien Bien Phu, there was little doubt ... Последние твиты от North And South (@NorthAndSouth17). Thoughts and experiences on a bus tour 2018. Canadians stuck in Peru Covid-19 2020.Believing that the U.S. was in a position to defeat the North, these military leaders sought to press for a U.S.-South Vietnam offensive. Johnson and others, however, read the situation differently. Johnson announced that the bombing of North Vietnam would cease above the 20th parallel and placed a limit on U.S. troops in South Vietnam . Jan 28, 2016 · The north also had a significantly larger population than the south. At the time, they had a population of over 22 million people while the south only had roughly 9 million (including over 300 million slaves). 4. Organized Government Government in the Union was already established and experienced. 1984 caterpillar d4e dozer NORTHSOUTH is a small independent apparel brand run by two outdoor enthusiasts from Australia. We offer well-considered, highly technical products for those who love to adventure in the great outdoors.The best study guide to North and South on the planet, from the creators of SparkNotes. Get the summaries, analysis, and quotes you need. North and South. Introduction + Context. Plot Summary.North South University is the first private university of Bangladesh, It was established in 1992. Approved by the University Grants Commission (UGC) of North South University. Bashundhara, Dhaka-1229, Bangladesh +880-2-55668200 | Fax: +880-2-55668202 [email protected] paper will be 100% North Or South Who Killed Reconstruction Dbq Essay Example original. All the papers are written from scratch. We use two plagiarism detection systems to make sure each work is 100% North Or South Who Killed Reconstruction Dbq Essay Example original. Feb 01, 2018 · • Comparing the North and South before the Civil War reading passages - Climate/Geography - Population - Cities - Economy • Comparing the North and South before the Civil War graphic organizer for student completion • North vs. South comparison key - students analyze and create their own keys! Study the cultural, economic, political, and social developments that have shaped the United States from c. 1491 to the present. You’ll analyze texts, visual sources, and other historical evidence and write essays expressing historical arguments. Jun 13, 2019 · South Carolina Standards (2020) Targeted Standard: Standard 4: Demonstrate an understanding of the conflicts, innovations, and social changes in the United States, including South Carolina, from 1950–1980. 5.4.P Summarize the economic, political, and social changes in the U. S. after World War II. The Cabots discover the continent of North America. 1498. Columbus on third voyage discovers South America. 1506. Columbus dies at Valladolid. 1507. New World named after Americus Vespucius. 1513. Balboa discovers the Pacific Ocean and Ponce de Leon discovers Florida. 1519-1521. Cortez conquers Mexico. Magellan sails round the world. 1524. Buy and sell locally. Craigslist has listings for firewood for sale in the Iowa City, IA area. Browse photos and search by condition, price, and more. Northern and Southern Italy are very different. This is what you need to know before you land in Italy for business negotiations. At first glance, Italy may seem like two separate countries. Some say that comparing northern and southern Italy is like comparing "New York and backwoods Mississippi."Neither North nor South were exceptionally happy with this bill. Overall the North received the better deal because California tipped the power in the Senate against the South. Although the Utah and New Mexico territory were open to slavery, "free soil' would dominate overall. Motivation varied sharply in the North and South. The single strongest motivation in the North was preservation of the Union. To an exent this was patrioic nationalistic fervor. And Lincoln played upon this by maneuvering to ensure that the Confederacy began the war by firing on Fort Sumter (April 1861). A: North. B: South-----14. Q: Why were the western territories so politically important to both the North and the South? A: They had vast untapped riches. B: They would decide who had control in congress. C: They were good tourist spots. D: They would tip the scales in case of war-----15. Q: What was the Missouri Compromise? 6. The Market Revolution: Document Based Question How did changes in the American economic system lay the foundation for the increasing regional differences between the Northeast, the West, and the South? regular polygon generator Strengths and Weaknesses of the North and South Chart : ... Hubert Harrison DBQ Worksheet on the American Civil War : Lincoln, Douglas, and Brown Reading with Questions The North needed someone to rally behind, and John Brown became that person. Eventually, Brown would be martyred, but Brown’s death invoked the abolitionist spirit in all Northerners, and the anticipation of the North to follow behind him illustrates the rapidly, detrimentally changing North-South relationship between 1859 and 1863. The north south divide has been widening for a century. Getty / Harry Todd. That's Harold MacMillan. Ever since Elizabeth Gaskell wrote North and South in 1853, the north has had relatively more manufacturing and rather less services.The Mississippi Valley Conference has a rich tradition of athletic success in the State of Iowa. The 16 member conference takes pride in our emphasis on excellence High tariffs helped the industrial North by making their prices cheaper against imports – made people buy American-made goods The South imported most non-agricultural goods, saw tariffs as a burden imposed by the North – their main trade partners were from Europe The West needed funding for roads, canals, railroads, etc. Aug 04, 2017 · The opposite of north, south was seen as a region of warmth and light. In the biblical narrative it is through the Southern Kingdom of Judah that springs forth the Messiah and the Northern Kingdom ... NORTHSOUTH is a small independent apparel brand run by two outdoor enthusiasts from Australia. We offer well-considered, highly technical products for those who love to adventure in the great outdoors.Since the North controlled the navy, the seas were in the hands of the Union. A blockade could suffocate the South. Still, the Confederacy was not without resources and willpower. The South could produce all the food it needed, though transporting it to soldiers and civilians was a major problem. The South also had a great nucleus of trained ... Arbeia, South Shields Roman Fort: Tickets & Tours‎. South and North Marine Parks: Tickets & Tours‎. Log in to get trip updates and message other travellers. South Shields. Hotels.between the United States of America inthe North and the Confederate States of American in the South. 2. Two immediate triggers: the 1860 election of Abraham Lincoln, and the resulting secession of 7 Southern states by February 1861. South Carolina, and intensified as 4 more states joined the South. 4. Search for an address, business, or category like restaurants, hotels, schools, and more on our interactive map. 175 Homes For Sale in Dubuque, IA. Browse photos, see new properties, get open house info, and research neighborhoods on Trulia. Nov 13, 2009 · Though the South had more change, no side was the true winner of the reconstruction. Due to military, economic, social and political reasons, the North won the Civil war. When the war started in 1861, the North had approximately 22 million inhabitants, while the South had 9 million including more than 3 million slaves. North Central Iowa Tourism on IowaBeautiful.com. North Central Iowa Tourism – your North Central Iowa Travel Guide to Vacation, Attractions and Events cerebral mental health reviews Jun 29, 2016 · Ramadan North and South. An intimate look at the month of Ramadan through the eyes of Muslims in opposite ends of the world. Read more. 29 Jun 2016. More episodes from. Al Jazeera World ... Secretary McDonald is correct – our Veterans deserve the best medical services the Veterans Administration (VA) can deliver. Providing our Veterans with “Best in Class” medical services, including outsourced Compensation and Pension Medical Disability Examinations (MDEs), must be a priority for the VA. Jan 11, 2016 · Labor agents, The Telegraph editorial asserted, were “stealing” blacks from the South; the paper warned that the migrants would freeze to death in the North. Forced, however, to admit that the ... What Is a Document-Based Question, or DBQ? A document-based question is a writing task in which a student analyzes significant evidence— documents and other data—to reach an informed position, then presents that information in a persuasive, logical, and accurate essay. The questions are generally open-ended, giving The Foreign Policy Research Institute is dedicated to producing the highest quality scholarship and nonpartisan policy analysis focused on crucial foreign policy and national security challenges facing the United States. We educate those who make and influence policy, as well as the public at large ... Sep 21, 2017 · However, Christianity in most of the areas of North Africa was wiped out with the advent of Islam. The European Contribution To The Spread Of Christianity In Sub-Saharan Africa The Portuguese attempted to introduce a Catholic-influenced form of Christianity between the 16th and 18th centuries in the Kongo Kingdom, but it did not last for long. This Lesson Plan explores political cartoons related to the Civil War, the Presidential Elections of 1860 and 1864, and Reconstruction. These visual aids help in understanding the differing opinions before, during, and after the Civil War, as well as provide a perspective from those who actually lived it. The North American Free Trade Agreement's purpose is to reduce trading costs, increase business investment, and help North America be more competitive in the global marketplace. The agreement is between Canada, the United States, and Mexico. citi pre mba fellowship Until further notice, the University of Arizona, in accordance with the guidelines recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, encourages all employees to work remotely. In North and South, the first volume of John Jakes's acclaimed and sweeping saga, a friendship is threatened by the divisions of the Civil War. In the years leading up to the Civil War, one enduring friendship embodies the tensions of a nation. Orry Main from South Carolina and George Hazard from...Finally, the Notes from the Field section presents pedagogical ideas, suggestions, and reflections by experienced teachers. The page for high school teachers also offers a selection of sources in DBQ format suitable for AP World History classes. Scroll down to Notes from the Field to browse within the teaching context most appropriate for you. A. Before the arrival of Europeans, native populations in North America developed a wide variety of social, political, and economic structures based in part on interactions with the environment and each ! other. (1.1)! B. As settlers migrated and settled across the vast expanse of North America, they developed quite cummins isc torque specs May 29, 2014 · The North, like the South thought blacks were not fit for government. Although the North thought this, they didn't go to the measures the South went to do something about it. Through the KKK’s violent acts and the constant push from the South to end the Reconstruction made it very difficult for the blacks to move up in society and voice their opinion. In the North, the same trend dominated, but Northern generalship was so bad that the effect of the deaths of numerous high-ranking officers was to provide opportunities for younger, more talented officers. In the South, Jackson was irreplaceable, and his leadership was to be sorely missed in the coming months. Monday: Introduction to South America - South America Preview (Assignment) + South America by Drone HW: Finish Preview Tuesday: Map Work - Discuss South America Preview assignment - South America Physical Map (Review) - South America Political Map (Review) HW: Political and Physical Map Quizzes Friday Wednesday: South America Physical Regions Fugitive Slave Lawbecame the single most important frictional issue between North and South in the early 1850s a. The North-South Divide is a socio-economic and political categorization of countries. The Cold-War-era generalization places countries in two distinct The origin of dividing countries into the North-South Divide arose during the Cold War of the mid 20th century. During this time, countries were primarily...40. How did compromises postpone conflict between North and South before the Civil War? 41. What were the goals of Reconstruction, how were they implemented, and why was it given up in 1877? 42. Why could Mexicans claim that the Mexican War was a “Yankee war of aggression”, and what did the United States gain from this war? 43. European Colonization Before Christopher Columbus arrived in the New World the continents of North and South America were ruled by multiple empires. The Aztecs ruled the land of Mexica, The Inca Empire stretched from modern day Columbia to Chile, and the Mayan culture had influenced most of the New World. “South Carolina will secede from the Union as surely as that night succeeds the day, and nothing can now prevent or delay it but a revolution at the North,” South Carolinian William Trenholm ... North Korea's conventional capacity alone—it has an army of more than a million men and 11,000 artillery pieces capable of striking South Korea's capital, Seoul—imposed a very high cost; the addition of nuclear arms, in combination with missiles capable of striking not only South Korea but Japan, made it obviously prohibitive. MeasuringWorth The MeasuringWorth website is independent of EH.Net and is the home to 12 comparators where you can ask questions such the annualize growth rate of 44 historical series, the relative historic value of four different currencies that allows you to convert past values into current values (and vice versa), stock growth, inflation rates, and hypothetical savings and retirement ... zpl qr code size Quiz 1. During Winter the North and South Poles endures 6 months of total darkness and in the Summer six months whole months of daylight. True or False 2. The animals in the winter that don’t migrate have to brave high winds and very, very low temperatures. True or False 3. Antarctica is bigger than U.S.A and Mexico combined. True or False 4. North and South. Elizabeth Gaskell's classic explores the simmering, restrained passion between two very different people who fall in love in spite of themselves. Set against the backdrop of Victorian England's industrial north, it follows the fortunes of Margaret Hale, one of 19th century literature's...Summary: Cartoon shows woman, "the Solid South", carrying Ulysses S. Grant in a carpet bag marked "carpet bag and bayonet rule" The Carpetbag Metaphor During Reconstruction, many Northerners moved to the South to assist the poor, Afri-can American communities, especially as teachers in schools supported by the Freedman’s Bureau. These people were A Mini DBQ Lesson. By: Larry McMillion, Fulmore Middle School. Sean Piper, Porter Middle School. Steven Ray, Mendez Middle School. June 29th, 2004 The Trail Of Tears. Exercise A. Analyzing Sources. Directions: Answer the questions that follow each document. Document 1: Andrew Jackson's Annual Message In 1877 attempts to reconstruct the South officially ended, leaving white-only governments in power. Essay Question: North or South: Who Killed Reconstruction? Some historians have suggested that the time period, known as Reconstruction, was really the Second Civil War and that it was the fault of the North for their neglect or refusal to solve ... Nov 24, 2020 · In the American South, a lot of people thought of slavery as a necessity, while in the Northern states, many people thought that slavery was absolutely wrong. North & South. In the Southern States, the main business was farming, and enormous plantations counted a huge number of enslaved workers. Smaller farmers were growing crops and food. Causes of the Civil War. 7th Grade Social Studies Worksheets and Answer key, Study Guides. Covers the following skills: Concepts such as: chronology, causality, change, conflict, complexity, multiple perspectives, primary and secondary sources, and cause and effect. ELECTED OFFICIALS Find elected officials, including the president, members of Congress, and more. Mar 07, 2013 · The Olmec tribe of Mesoamerica were the first to create carvings and images of a feathered serpent in the Americas, and soon most tribes from the Northern USA to the bottom of the Andes in South America were using dragons in their artwork. Deifying them soon followed. American dragons are often gods of wind and water. North and South. Elizabeth Gaskell's classic explores the simmering, restrained passion between two very different people who fall in love in spite of themselves. Set against the backdrop of Victorian England's industrial north, it follows the fortunes of Margaret Hale, one of 19th century literature's...As the south and north continued to battle out their disagreements among their states, the tensions grew rapidly. There was so no peace or agreement at this time. Over a long time, sectionalism only made the views worse between the different states due to the constant hate felt by each In neighboring South Sudan, civil war between factions associated with the country’s Dinka and Nuer tribes intensified while, to the north, fighting between South Sudanese separatists and the government of Omar al-Bashir declined, but still constituted a major conflict. Dec 04, 2012 ·  All of these tensions served to divide the nation, North against South, to start the Civil War. Slavery, in itself, was the most predominant reason for the breakup of the Union.  It fundamentally... Search for an address, business, or category like restaurants, hotels, schools, and more on our interactive map. 175 Homes For Sale in Dubuque, IA. Browse photos, see new properties, get open house info, and research neighborhoods on Trulia. DBQ_THEME: DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE NORTH AND THE SOUTH DIRECTIONS: This task is based on the accompanying documents (1—9). Some of these documents have been edited to help you with the task. The essay is designed to test your ability to work with historical documents and your knowledge of the developing differences between the North and the ... Summary: Cartoon shows woman, "the Solid South", carrying Ulysses S. Grant in a carpet bag marked "carpet bag and bayonet rule" The Carpetbag Metaphor During Reconstruction, many Northerners moved to the South to assist the poor, Afri-can American communities, especially as teachers in schools supported by the Freedman’s Bureau. These people were This page looks at how we use the words North, South, East and West when describing direction on Earth. Vocabulary for ESL learners and teachers. Each of the points of the compass (north, south, east, west, south-east, north-west etc) can be: noun - The sun rises in the east. big 4 clients by cityIt is the easiest way to get along in the South (and those portions in the North where lynchings take place) to ignore the question altogether; our American Christians are too busy saving the souls of white Christians from burning in hell-fire to save the lives of black ones from present burning in fires kindled by white Christians. Vietnam (South Vietnam) in July 1949, with Saigon as its capital. Armed conflict continued until a decisive battle at Dien Bien Phu in May 1954 ended in French defeat by Viet Minh forces. The subsequent treaty negotiations at Geneva split Vietnam along the latitude known as the 17th parallel (with Ho in control in the North and Bao in the South ... Mexico is a country located in North America; it neighbors the United States to the South and shares a border that spans from California to Texas. While parts of Mexico are home to snow covered mountains, the country is also known for its beautiful beaches and lush rainforests. South.” In North Carolina, textile manufacturing became big business. Still, despite the successful integration of industry into southern post-war economy, the South’s economic fortune remained driven by agriculture. At the turn of the century, the South was exporting more cotton, rice, and tobacco than ever before. Buy and sell locally. Craigslist has listings for allis chalmers in farm & garden in the Madison, WI area. Browse photos and search by condition, price, and more. DBQ: 20th Muslim LeadersNationalism. Analyze the issues that twentieth-century Muslim leaders in South Asia and North Africa confronted in defining their. nationalism. What additional kind of document(s) would be most helpful in furthering your analysis What additional kind of document(s) would be most helpful in furthering your analysis? Feb 14, 2019 · Alabama, Florida, North Carolina and South Carolina all had a top-five-wettest November-through-January. Soil moisture remains above average for mid-February in much of the South because of the ... termignoni slip on multistrada 1200 The South thus quickly established a rural way of life supported by an agricultural economy based on slave labor. The cooler climate and rocky soil in the North were not suitable for establishing plantations or large farms. As a result of those and other factors, the North's economy came to depend more on trade than on agriculture. Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. How did the South’s Geography affect its Economy? •Southern geography was warm and good for farming. Political - Many political differences exist in the region, namely with North and South Korea. North Korea is an isolated Communist military dictatorship, whereas South Korea is an economic juggernaut, partaking in trade worldwide. Monday: Introduction to South America - South America Preview (Assignment) + South America by Drone HW: Finish Preview Tuesday: Map Work - Discuss South America Preview assignment - South America Physical Map (Review) - South America Political Map (Review) HW: Political and Physical Map Quizzes Friday Wednesday: South America Physical Regions The most important commodity coming south with the caravans is salt, essential in the diet of African agricultural communities. The salt mines of the Sahara (sometimes controlled by Berber tribes from the north, sometimes by Africans from the south) are as valuable as the gold fields of the African rivers (see Salt mines and caravans). Traders ... North and south America map element, abstract hand drawn watercolor background, great composition for your design, vector illustration. Detail modern infographic vector illustration with Map of North and South America, industrial infographics and Information Graphics.Free Blacks in the South About half of all free African Americans lived in the South. Most worked as laborers, craftspeople, or household servants in towns and cities. Many white Southerners viewed free blacks as a dangerous group that had to be controlled so that, in the words of South Carolina slaveholders, they would not create “discontent ... dubuque (dbq) eau claire, WI (eau) evansville, IN (evv) flint, MI (fnt) fort wayne, IN (fwa) grand rapids, MI (grr) green bay, WI (grb) holland, MI (hld) indianapolis (ind) iowa city, IA (iac) jackson, MI (jxn) janesville, WI (jvl) kalamazoo, MI (kzo) kenosha-racine (rac) kirksville, MO (krk) kokomo, IN (okk) la crosse, WI (lse) la salle co (lsl) Aug 21, 2020 · On January 9, 2018, representatives from North and South Korea met at the Panmunjom truce village, on the border between the two countries, for their first discussions in more than two years. Johnson in Charleston, South Carolina, to her cousin in Raleigh, North Carolina, July 18, 1822 I. Anna is saying to her cousin that they almost had a slave uprising. II. Many more leaders than 100 were believed to be executed but even then would there still be enough people to carry on the work. In April 2007, 13,045 North Koreans worked for South Korean companies in GIC. These joint economic initiatives have contributed significantly to the rise in visits between the North and South. The number of South Korean visitors to North Korea jumped from 146 in 1996 to 1,016 in 1998 and reached a record-breaking 87,028 in 2005. During the 1830s and 1840s, abolitionists were almost as unpopular in the North as they were in the South. Evaluate this statement, indicating the major groups opposing the abolitionists and the reasons for their opposition. The us history in class dbq 1 english colonies north and south answers is a Word document required to be submitted to the relevant address in order to provide some info. It needs to be completed and signed, which may be done in hard copy, or using a certain solution e. g. PDFfiller. DBQ: 20th Muslim LeadersNationalism. Analyze the issues that twentieth-century Muslim leaders in South Asia and North Africa confronted in defining their. nationalism. What additional kind of document(s) would be most helpful in furthering your analysis What additional kind of document(s) would be most helpful in furthering your analysis? The world moved gradually toward global free trade. Western countries in Europe and North America turned increasingly to service and high technology economies as manufacturing moved to the cheap labor markets of developing countries. The key new inventions of this phase were the computer and the Internet. Disability law refers to laws related to individuals with disabilities; largely, these laws protect disabled individuals from certain kinds of discrimination, particularly regarding employment, housing, education, and access to public services. But Soviet resistance was now stiffening, despite catastrophic losses. A German salient around Yelnya, south-east of Smolensk, was recaptured in a costly but successful counterattack. Meanwhile, Army Group Centre's supply situation was becoming critical. Hitler decided to halt the advance on Moscow and reinforce Army Groups North and South. (Redirected from North and South (TV miniseries)). North and South is the title of three American television miniseries broadcast on the ABC network in 1985, 1986, and 1994. Set before, during, and immediately after the American Civil War...Strategies - Expert Information: To achieve victory in any war both sides must devise a plan or strategy to win. In the summer of 1861, the armies of both the North (th e Billy Yanks) and the South (J ohnny Rebs) marched off to war. Leaders for both sides created a plan for victory. Fighting during the Civil War took place on three fronts, the East (east of the Mississippi River), the West (west of the Mississippi River), and the sea. chetan ki awaz mein alha mp3 downloading The trip was amazing everyone had an awesome time we loved the hotel and everything about it! Thank you!! Taylor (Middle North High School NJ) My friends & I just got back from the Cancun. Breaknow truly was amazing, always there to answer any questions. They had great prices with non stop flights. them to North and South America. The numbers were so great that Africans who came by way of the slave trade became the most numerous Old-World immigrants in both North and South America before the late eighteenth century. This was crucial to those European countries which, in the late seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, Your paper will be 100% North Or South Who Killed Reconstruction Dbq Essay Example original. All the papers are written from scratch. We use two plagiarism detection systems to make sure each work is 100% North Or South Who Killed Reconstruction Dbq Essay Example original. Disability law refers to laws related to individuals with disabilities; largely, these laws protect disabled individuals from certain kinds of discrimination, particularly regarding employment, housing, education, and access to public services. US6 — The Market Revolution in the North and West (1815-55) US7 — The South (1815-55) US8 — Expansion and Sectional Tension (1846-61) US9 — The American Civil War; Historical Parodies. The Secret History of the North Pole; Need help with writing history essays? Try cheap essays at CheapWritingHelp.com. » polar latitudes P - located poleward of 60 degrees north and south tropical latitudes T - located within about 25 degrees of the equator continental c - located over large land masses--dry marine m - located over the oceans----moist We can then make combinations of the above to describe various types of air masses. cP continental polar cold ... Parcel Address should be entered as the house number followed by the directional and street name. Example: 555 N 1 ST For better results, try entering only the house number and selecting from a list of matches. The history of Spain's missions in the American South and Southwest reveals much about Spain's strategy, contributions, and failures in these regions. The expeditions of Francisco Vázquez de Coronado (1540 –42) and Juan de Oñate (1598) convinced Spanish authorities that no wealthy Indian empires like that of the Aztecs were to be found ... 786 meaning bangla -8Ls